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In , Brazil also created an anti-piracy unit on the Amazon River. River piracy happens in Europe, with vessels suffering from pirate attacks on the Serbian and Romanian stretches of the international Danube river , i.
Modern pirates favor small boats and taking advantage of the small number of crew members on modern cargo vessels. Modern pirates can be successful because a large amount of international commerce occurs via shipping.
Major shipping routes take cargo ships through narrow bodies of water such as the Gulf of Aden and the Strait of Malacca making them vulnerable to be overtaken and boarded by small motorboats.
As usage increases, many of these ships have to lower cruising speeds to allow for navigation and traffic control, making them prime targets for piracy.
Also, pirates often operate in regions of poor developing or struggling countries with small or nonexistent navies and large trade routes. Pirates sometimes evade capture by sailing into waters controlled by their pursuer's enemies.
With the end of the Cold War , navies have decreased in size and patrol less frequently, while trade has increased, making organized piracy far easier.
Modern pirates are sometimes linked with organized-crime syndicates, but often are small individual groups.
Their records indicate hostage-taking overwhelmingly dominates the types of violence against seafarers. For example, in , there were attacks, 77 crew members were kidnapped and taken hostage but only 15 of the pirate attacks resulted in murder.
There was a 35 percent increase on reported attacks involving guns. Crew members that were injured numbered 64 compared to just 17 in The number of attacks from January to September had surpassed the previous year's total due to the increased pirate attacks in the Gulf of Aden and off Somalia.
Between January and September the number of attacks rose to from The pirates boarded the vessels in cases and hijacked 34 of them so far in Gun use in pirate attacks has gone up to cases from 76 last year.
Rather than cargo, modern pirates have targeted the personal belongings of the crew and the contents of the ship's safe, which potentially contains large amounts of cash needed for payroll and port fees.
In other cases, the pirates force the crew off the ship and then sail it to a port to be repainted and given a new identity through false papers purchased from corrupt or complicit officials.
Modern piracy can also take place in conditions of political unrest. For example, following the U. Further, following the disintegration of the government of Somalia, warlords in the region have attacked ships delivering UN food aid.
The attack against the German-built cruise ship the Seabourn Spirit offshore of Somalia in November is an example of the sophisticated pirates mariners face.
The attackers were armed with automatic firearms and an RPG. Backers were now reportedly reluctant to finance pirate expeditions due to the low rate of success, and pirates were no longer able to reimburse their creditors.
Many nations forbid ships to enter their territorial waters or ports if the crew of the ships are armed, in an effort to restrict possible piracy.
For the United States, piracy is one of the offenses against which Congress is delegated power to enact penal legislation by the Constitution of the United States , along with treason and offenses against the law of nations.
In modern times, ships and airplanes are hijacked for political reasons as well. The perpetrators of these acts could be described as pirates for instance, the French term for plane hijacker is pirate de l'air , literally air pirate , but in English are usually termed hijackers.
An example is the hijacking of the Italian civilian passenger ship Achille Lauro by the Palestinian Liberation Organization in , which is regarded as an act of piracy.
A book entitled International Legal Dimension of Terrorism called the attackers "terrorists". Modern pirates also use a great deal of technology.
It has been reported that crimes of piracy have involved the use of mobile phones , satellite phones , GPS , machetes , AK74 rifles, Sonar systems, modern speedboats , shotguns , pistols , mounted machine guns , and even RPGs and grenade launchers.
The Americas and Africa have been identified by the International Chamber of Commerce as the most vulnerable to piracy as a result of less-wealthy governments in the regions being unable to adequately combat piracy.
Under a principle of international law known as the "universality principle", a government may "exercise jurisdiction over conduct outside its territory if that conduct is universally dangerous to states and their nationals.
The goal of maritime security operations is "actively to deter, disrupt and suppress piracy in order to protect global maritime security and secure freedom of navigation for the benefit of all nations",  and pirates are often detained, interrogated, disarmed, and released.
With millions of dollars at stake, pirates have little incentive to stop. In Finland, one case involved pirates who had been captured and whose boat was sunk.
As the pirates attacked a vessel of Singapore, not Finland, and are not themselves EU or Finnish citizens, they were not prosecuted.
A further complication in many cases, including this one, is that many countries do not allow extradition of people to jurisdictions where they may be sentenced to death or torture.
The Dutch are using a 17th-century law against sea robbery to prosecute. Prosecutors have a hard time assembling witnesses and finding translators, and countries are reluctant to imprison pirates because the countries would be saddled with the pirates upon their release.
George Mason University professor Peter Leeson has suggested that the international community appropriate Somali territorial waters and sell them, together with the international portion of the Gulf of Aden, to a private company which would then provide security from piracy in exchange for charging tolls to world shipping through the Gulf.
The fourth volume of the handbook: Best Management Practices to Deter Piracy off the Coast of Somalia and in the Arabian Sea Area known as BMP4  is the current authoritative guide for merchant ships on self-defense against pirates.
BMP4 contains a chapter entitled "Self-Protective Measures" which lays out a list of steps a merchant vessel can take on its own to make itself less of a target to pirates and make it better able to repel an attack if one occurs.
This list includes rigging the deck of the ship with razor wire , rigging fire-hoses to spray sea-water over the side of the ship to hinder boardings , having a distinctive pirate alarm, hardening the bridge against gunfire and creating a " citadel " where the crew can retreat in the event pirates get on board.
Other unofficial self-defense measures that can be found on merchant vessels include the setting up of mannequins posing as armed guards or firing flares at the pirates.
Though it varies by country, generally peacetime law in the 20th and 21st centuries has not allowed merchant vessels to carry weapons.
As a response to the rise in modern piracy, however, the U. The US Coastguard leaves it to ship owners' discretion to determine if those guards will be armed.
Seychelles has become a central location for international anti-piracy operations, hosting the Anti-Piracy Operation Center for the Indian Ocean.
With safety trials complete in the late s, laser dazzlers have been developed for defensive purposes on super-yachts.
In February , Italian Marines based on the tanker Enrica Lexie allegedly fired on an Indian fishing trawler off Kerala , killing two of her eleven crew.
The Marines allegedly mistook the fishing vessel as a pirate vessel. The incident sparked a diplomatic row between India and Italy.
Enrica Lexie was ordered into Kochi where her crew were questioned by officers of the Indian Police. However, despite VPD deployment being controversial because of these incidents, according to the Associated Press ,  during a United Nations Security Council conference about piracy "U.
Ambassador Susan Rice told the council that no ship carrying armed guards has been successfully attacked by pirates" and "French Ambassador Gerard Araud stressed that private guards do not have the deterrent effect that government-posted marine and sailors and naval patrols have in warding off attacks".
First and foremost, the best protection against pirates is simply to avoid encountering them. This can be accomplished by using tools such as radar ,  or by using specialised systems that use shorter wavelengths as small boats are not always picked up by radar.
An example of a specialised system is WatchStander. In addition, while the non-wartime 20th century tradition has been for merchant vessels not to be armed, the U.
Government has recently changed the rules so that it is now "best practice" for vessels to embark a team of armed private security guards.
Other measures vessels can take to protect themselves against piracy are air-pressurised boat stopping systems which can fire a variety of vessel-disabling projectiles,  implementing a high freewall  and vessel boarding protection systems e.
Any unexpected change in this information can attract attention. Previously this data could only be picked up if there was a nearby ship, thus rendering single ships vulnerable.
However, special satellites have been launched recently that are now able to detect and retransmit this data. Large ships cannot therefore be hijacked without being detected.
This can act as a deterrent to attempts to either hijack the entire ship or steal large portions of cargo with another ship since an escort can be sent more quickly than might otherwise have been the case.
In an emergency warships can be called upon. In some areas such as near Somalia, patrolling naval vessels from different nations are available to intercept vessels attacking merchant vessels.
For patrolling dangerous coastal waters, or keeping cost down, robotic or remote-controlled USVs are also sometimes used. Section 2 of the Piracy Act creates a statutory offence of aggravated piracy.
See also the Piracy Act In the British Foreign Office advised the Royal Navy not to detain pirates of certain nationalities as they might be able to claim asylum in Britain under British human rights legislation , if their national laws included execution, or mutilation as a judicial punishment for crimes committed as pirates.
These provisions replace the Schedule to the Tokyo Convention Act See section 5 of the Aviation Security Act The book " Archbold " said that in a case that does not fall within section 2 of the Piracy Act , the penalty appears to be determined by the Offences at Sea Act , which provides that offences committed at sea are liable to the same penalty as if they had been committed upon the shore.
William Hawkins said that under common law , piracy by a subject was esteemed to be petty treason. The Treason Act provided that this was not petty treason.
In English admiralty law , piracy was classified as petty treason during the medieval period, and offenders were accordingly liable to be hanged, drawn and quartered on conviction.
In either case, piracy cases were cognizable in the courts of the Lord High Admiral. English judges in admiralty courts and vice admiralty courts emphasized that "neither Faith nor Oath is to be kept" with pirates; i.
Pirates were legally subject to summary execution by their captors if captured in battle. In practice, instances of summary justice and annulment of oaths and contracts involving pirates do not appear to have been common.
In the United States, criminal prosecution of piracy is authorized in the U. Constitution, Art. I Sec. Whoever, on the high seas, commits the crime of piracy as defined by the law of nations, and is afterwards brought into or found in the United States, shall be imprisoned for life.
Smith ,  a U. District Court ruled in in the case of United States v. Said that the definition of piracy under section is confined to "robbery at sea.
The U. District Court for the E. United States v. Said, F. See also United States v. Dire, F. Said, 3 F.
Court, ED Virginia During the 18th century, the British and the Dutch controlled opposite sides of the Straits of Malacca.
The British and the Dutch drew a line separating the Straits into two halves. The agreement was that each party would be responsible for combating piracy in their respective half.
Eventually this line became the border between Malaysia and Indonesia in the Straits. Piracy is of note in international law as it is commonly held to represent the earliest invocation of the concept of universal jurisdiction.
The crime of piracy is considered a breach of jus cogens , a conventional peremptory international norm that states must uphold.
Those committing thefts on the high seas, inhibiting trade, and endangering maritime communication are considered by sovereign states to be hostis humani generis enemies of humanity.
Because of universal jurisdiction, action can be taken against pirates without objection from the flag state of the pirate vessel.
This represents an exception to the principle extra territorium jus dicenti impune non paretur "One who exercises jurisdiction out of his territory is not obeyed with impunity".
The acts of piracy, as defined in article , committed by a warship, government ship or government aircraft whose crew has mutinied and taken control of the ship or aircraft are assimilated to acts committed by a private ship or aircraft.
A ship or aircraft is considered a pirate ship or aircraft if it is intended by the persons in dominant control to be used for the purpose of committing one of the acts referred to in article The same applies if the ship or aircraft has been used to commit any such act, so long as it remains under the control of the persons guilty of that act.
This definition was formerly contained in articles 15 to 17 of the Convention on the High Seas signed at Geneva on April 29, A limitation of article above is that it confines piracy to the High Seas.
As the majority of piratical acts occur within territorial waters, some pirates are able to go free as certain jurisdictions lack the resources to monitor their borders adequately.
Given the diverging definitions of piracy in international and municipal legal systems, some authors argue that greater uniformity in the law is required in order to strengthen anti-piracy legal instruments.
Pirates are a frequent topic in fiction and, in their Caribbean incarnation, are associated with certain stereotypical manners of speaking and dress, some of them wholly fictional: "nearly all our notions of their behavior come from the golden age of fictional piracy, which reached its zenith in with the appearance of Robert Louis Stevenson 's Treasure Island.
Some inventions of pirate culture such as " walking the plank "—in which a bound captive is forced to walk off a board extending over the sea—were popularized by J.
Barrie 's novel, Peter Pan , where the fictional pirate Captain Hook and his crew helped define the fictional pirate archetype.
Many sports teams use "pirate" or a related term such as " raider " or "buccaneer" as their nickname, based on the popular stereotypes of pirates.
Such teams include the Pittsburgh Pirates , a Major League Baseball team in Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania: they acquired their nickname in after "pirating" a player from another team.
Sources on the economics of piracy include Cyrus Karraker's study Piracy was a Business ,  in which the author discusses pirates in terms of contemporary racketeering.
Some research examines the links between piracy and entrepreneurship. In this context, researchers take a nonmoral approach to piracy as a source of inspiration for s-era entrepreneurship education  and to research in entrepreneurship  and in business-model generation.
In this respect, analysis of piracy operations may distinguish between planned organised and opportunistic piracy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Redirected from Pirates. Act of robbery or criminal violence at sea. For the unauthorized use, copying, modification or distribution of published media, see Copyright infringement.
For the amusement ride, see Pirate ship ride. For other uses, see Pirate disambiguation. Further information: Ancient Mediterranean piracy. See also: Barbary pirates and Albanian piracy.
Main article: Piracy in the Persian Gulf. Main article: Piracy in the Caribbean. See also: No prey, no pay. Main article: Women in piracy.
See also: Pirate code and distribution of justice. Main article: Privateer. See also: Ruse de guerre. History Incidents. By ideology.
Environmental Misogynist. Violent extremism Ethnic violence Militia movement Resistance movement. Methods Tactics.
Terrorist groups. Designated terrorist groups Charities accused of ties to terrorism. Response to terrorism. Counter-terrorism International conventions Anti-terrorism legislation Terrorism insurance.
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Piracy portal Oceans portal. In Pennell, C. Bandits at Sea: A Pirates Reader. NYU Press. Sea raiders [ Narrow straits which funneled shipping into places where ambush was easy, and escape less chancy, called the pirates into certain areas.
Medieval Law and Its Practice. Leiden: Brill. Ivan R. From ancient high seas pirates to 'road agents' and a host of other bush and mountain pass brigands, bandits have been with us for ages.
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The First Barbary War — , also known as the Tripolitian War or the Barbary Coast War, was the first of two wars fought between the alliance of the United States and several European countries   against the Northwest African Muslim states known collectively as the Barbary states.
These were Tripoli and Algiers, which were quasi-independent entities nominally belonging to the Ottoman Empire, and briefly the independent Sultanate of Morocco.
This war began during Thomas Jefferson's term when he refused to pay tribute, an amount that was greatly increased when he became president.
During this war, the ship Philadelphia was blockading Tripoli's harbor when she ran aground on an uncharted reef. Under fire from shore batteries and Tripolitan gunboats , the Captain, William Bainbridge, tried to refloat her by casting off all of her guns and other objects that weighed it down.
The ship was eventually captured and the crew taken prisoners and put into slavery. To prevent this powerful war ship from being used by the Barbary pirates the ship was later destroyed by a raiding party led by Stephen Decatur.
The war between the Barbary States and the U. The war brought an end to the American practice of paying tribute to the pirate states and helped mark the beginning of the end of piracy in that region, which had been rampant in the days of Ottoman domination 16th—18th centuries.
Within decades, European powers built ever more sophisticated and expensive ships which the Barbary pirates could not match in numbers or technology.
When the United States military efforts of the early 19th century were successful against the pirates, partisans of the Democratic-Republicans contrasted their presidents' refusals to buy off the pirates by paying tribute with the failure of the preceding Federalist administration to suppress the piracy.
The Federalist Party had adopted the slogan, "Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute," but had failed to end the attacks on merchant ships.
From — French raiders seized some American merchant ships flying American colors. In the 21st century, the United States again conducted military operation in the North African area, specifically participating in the intervention against the government of Libya , and this operation has sometimes been termed in the media as the continuation of the previous Barbary Wars and given the name " Third Barbary War ".
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. First Barbary War. Second Barbary War. Cape Gata Cape Palos. Main article: First Barbary War. Main article: Second Barbary War.
See also: Original six frigates of the United States Navy.The First Barbary War (–), also known as the Tripolitanian War and the Barbary Coast War, was the first of two Barbary Wars, in which the United States and Sweden fought against the four North African states known collectively as the "Barbary States". Teamobi World is the official English language support center for our growing international community. This site is the best place to find the latest news, updates, contests, download links, FAQs, and player tips. Il primo browser game sui Pirati del web. Storie di pirati, antichi tesori ed epiche battaglie ti attendono!. Play Pirates War on Kizi! Buy various ships and send them to the enemy pirate base. Defeat the opposing ships and sail away with their treasures on board!. Pirates established themselves in Nassau, and essentially established their own republic with its own governors. By the War of the Spanish Succession was over, but many British privateers were slow to get the news, or reluctant to accept it, and so slipped into piracy. This led to large numbers of unemployed privateers making their way to New Providence to join the republic and swell its numbers. Piracy has probably existed for as long as the seas have been plied for commerce. Pirates had a system of hierarchy on board their ships determining how captured money was distributed. If he had more than one then he would take one half while the rest was shared out equally. Prison Escape Puzzle Unity 3D. Main article: Test Parship Barbary War. Response to terrorism Counter-terrorism International conventions Anti-terrorism legislation Terrorism insurance. Because of the resistance Boesechat allowing women on board, many female pirates did not identify themselves as such. Ordinary seamen Bestes Online Poker a part of the plunder at the captain's discretion but usually a single share. Retrieved May 30, Richcasino Newspapers reported details such as condemned men's last words, the prayers said by the priests, and descriptions of their final moments in the gallows. Louis, raided and drove out the river pirates. From the 13th century, Wokou based in Japan made their debut in East Asia, initiating invasions that would persist for years. Slaves were the primary indicators of wealth and status, and they were the source of labor for the farms, fisheries, and workshops of the sultanates. In the Gulf of Guinea, maritime piracy has also led to Pirates War on offshore oil and gas production, providing security for offshore installations and supply vessels is often paid for by oil companies rather than the respective governments. Teamobi World is the official English language support center for our growing international community. This site is the best place to find the latest news, updates, contests, download links, FAQs, and player tips. The Community section is an important area that can be easily accessed by PC or mobile device. War of Caribbean Pirates. Brainsoftware 52, votes. Arghhhh matey! Do you have what it takes to be the last pirate standing? Explore the Caribbean to defeat your enemies and continue with your quest in this sword fighting thriller. But watch out! Each new village will have their own type of pirate with their own powers and skills/5. Check out Pirate Wars. It’s one of the millions of unique, user-generated 3D experiences created on Roblox. Pirate Wars is back! Get ready for an epic battle of pirates, choose your favorite team and fight for the glory of your island with ships that shoot cannonballs and also explode! Daneben gibt es noch in der Karibik und in Indien nennenswerte Piraterie. Jahrhunderts aufkamen, den sogenannten Penny Dreadfuls. Daneben gibt der IMB viertel- und ganzjährliche Zusammenfassungen seiner Berichte mit Ether Kaufen Deutschland Übersichtskarten heraus.